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微环境恒温潮汐式育苗床工作原理

安平县华耀农业设施工程有限公司
所在地:河北 衡水
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潮汐式灌溉方式(欧美称tidal或ebb and flood)是基于潮水涨落现象设计而命名的一种高效节水灌溉方式。该方式利用了育苗穴盘底部的排水孔,在灌溉时使水位没过排水孔,水分自下面上地被基质自然吸入,既保持了叶面干燥,又可防止淋洗式灌溉导致的肥水流失,适用于各类盆器及穴盘栽培植物的种植管理。微环境恒温育苗床通过潮汐式底部补水方式,使根基环境自然达到相宜的含水量,地暖使用发热均匀的电镀膜取代传统电热线作为恒温热源,电热膜的热点转换率要高于点热心,且为面状加热,膜上各点发热量均相同。


一体化潮汐式微环境恒温育苗床设备通过抄袭四低吸补水方式,使根基环境自然达到相宜含水量,避免了淋洗式的灌溉与过度灌溉导致的肥水流失,通过使用发热匀均的电热膜取代传统电热线作为恒温热源,提高了能耗利用率和出芽整齐度。河北省衡水市华耀农业设施工程有限公司潮汐式灌溉移动苗床栽培床是一种床面为塑料结构的栽培床,其床面采用塑料制作的潮汐式苗盘,它又称底部灌溉式栽培床.

潮汐式灌溉移动苗床系统特点


1.潮汐式灌溉移动苗床是一项成熟的农业灌溉技术,在发达国家得到了广泛利用,很好的解决了灌溉与供养的矛盾,且灌溉基本不破坏基质的“三相”构成,是一项高效高能的农业技术,在我国也处于广泛的利用发展阶段。

2.节水高效,完全封闭的系统循环,可以达到90%的利用率。

3.植物生长的速度更快,每周苗龄可比传统育苗方式提前1天,提高设施利用率。

4.避免植物叶面产生水膜,使叶片接受更多的光照行光合作用,促使蒸腾拉力从根部吸收更多的营养元素。

5.稳定的根部介质水气含量,避免毛细根因靠近容器边部及底部干旱而死。

6.相对的湿度容易控制,保持叶面干燥,减少化学药物的使用量。

7.植床下无杂草生长,减少菌类滋生,因为植床下非常干燥。

8.管理成本降低,无论是手动操作或辅助以微电脑控制器管理下,一个人在20-30min内可完成0.2~0.5ha.穴盘苗的灌溉。

9.可以随时使用,不受品种,规格,时间限制。

10.一般的喷灌方法,令每棵植物吸收肥料及水分不平均,令成品率下降,而抄袭灌溉成品率市100%。而且生产达到标准化,每棵植物高度统一,质量有保证。


Features and advantages of ebb-and flood ben ches 

1.Ebb-adn flood roling benches is a kind of mature irrigation tecfnoloy and is widely used in developed countries.It sovied the "solid phase,liquid phses and gaseous phase composition"of the media.Ebb-and-flood rolling benches is a is on hte stage of developing in our country.

2.Water saving,high efficiency and competely closed circulatory system make the utilization rate reaches90%.

3.The plants grow faster,It is 1day ahead of traditional seeding method for age of seeding per week ,which can enhance the facility utilization rate.

4.It can protect the leaf from water film in surface,therefore the leaf can get more 

 light to have photosynthesis, which can promote the transpiration pull and the root

 can absorb more nutrients.

5.Stable media moisture content to avoid the root capillary from iry death because of reaching the con tain er bottom or edge

6.Easy to control the relative humidity to keep the fungus because it is dry under the using of chemicals.

7.Noweeds under the benches to reduce the fungus because it is dry under the benches

8.Low management cost.No matter hand orerating or with help of microcomputer contorol management,a person can finish the irrigation of 0.2 to 0.5 ha flat benches in 20 to 30 minutes

9.It can be used any time and not limited by bariety,specification and time.

10.The normal sprinkling irrigation can not distribute the fertilizer and water equally and lead to the yield declining .However,the ebb-and-flood irritation can make sure the yield 100%, the production reaching standard,every plants with same height and high quality.


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